China’s luxury spending sees no sign of cooling down in the coming years, McKinsey & Company stated in a new report released on April 26. It predicted that Chinese shoppers (both at home and abroad) would spend approximately $180 billion (1.2 trillion RMB) on luxury goods by 2025, accounting for 40 percent of the worldwide consumption. The forecast nearly doubled the country’s current spending, which stood at $115 billion in 2018.
The global consultancy’s new report, titled “How young Chinese consumers are reshaping global luxury,” looks at habits and behaviors of the world’s most significant luxury consumers. Despite the current economic uncertainty, McKinsey is confident about the pivotal role that China will continue to play in the global luxury market going forward. The country’s rising upper-middle-class households, according to the report, is the backbone of the growth, stating that 350 million people in China will earn between $2,600 and $3,900 per month per household by 2025.
With a slew of luxury brands from LVMH to Kering to Hermès delivering their latest earnings results in recent weeks, there’s a growing concern that luxury in China has become a winner-takes-all market. “You see strong brands getting stronger, and not-so-strong brands getting weaker,” said Daniel Zipser, Senior Partner of McKinsey, as well as one of the major authors of the report. “[But] I do think there is an opportunity for brands that are not as big and as strong in the China market to turn around and to accelerate their growth. The reason is that Chinese luxury consumers today are very diverse.”
Zipser highlighted the younger generations — Millennials and Gen-Z — the segment that he considered looking for diversity in their choice of brands and having a strong desire for experimentation. “To young generations, brands are important but not as important as to the older generations,” he said. “Just come with right strategies and engage this segment in digital means, there is an opportunity for brands that are not that strong today to actually change pace and track, and to become a success tomorrow.”
Below, Jing Daily summarized four major takeaways from the report:
Chinese shoppers are both well-informed and new
To a certain extent, the McKinsey report challenges the current “sophistication” discourse about Chinese luxury shoppers, pointing out that a large segment of luxury consumers are new to this type of consumerism. Its survey indicates 50 percent of Chinese post-90s generation and over 30 percent of the post-80s respondents only made their first luxury purchase last year. For the older generations like the post-65s and the post-70s group, it’s true as well. Less than 50 percent of them bought their first designer piece less than three years ago, the report said.
“It is not contradictory,” said Zipser. “You do have consumers who are actually sophisticated — who have been to luxury stores and gained information through social media. The interesting part is it is the first time Chinese consumers reaching the affordability to actually making the purchases of luxury.”
The takeaway for brands, therefore, is “don’t try to fool Chinese consumers,” Zipser added. It is equally important for brands to understand how this finding is going to shape and affect their overarching strategies from product design, retail, to marketing and branding.
Chinese consumers are trend-driven
Chinese consumers’ heavy reliance on digital media to receive information on luxury and fashion makes their shopping decisions trend-driven. “These new luxury consumers are influenced more by what is happening right now, leaving ample room for brands with the right strategy to shape their tastes,” the report stated.
This explains why “IT” bags, shoes, and clothes abound in the Chinese market. A great number of customers, who are not as sophisticated and discerning as the Western counterparts, are hugely influenced by what celebrities, fashion key opinion leaders (KOLs), and brands say and recommend via social media. An example used by McKinsey to illustrate this point is how Chanel promoted its Gabrielle bag in China. The brand first hired Yang Mi, one of China’s top actresses (and who represented brands including Estee Lauder, Michael Kors, and Stuart Weitzman), to pose for the campaign, which stirred widespread public interest and then collaborated with KOLs like Mr. Bags to push the campaign message to its targeted audience.
Luxury shopping activities bring social capital
The underlying social nature of luxury shopping is particularly important to Chinese shoppers, the report said. Young Chinese consumers view ownership and affiliation with designer brands as a form of social capital; not just something to wear — but a lifestyle choice that marks them as part of a distinct and exclusive community. McKinsey also noted nearly 70 percent of post-90s consumers, who they surveyed, said purchasing luxury goods was a way to make them feel distinct from others.
The overwhelmingly social nature of luxury consumption in China also made consumers become more aware and appreciative for craftsmanship, the report said. Younger consumers, in particular, tend to value design, fabric, and the production process.
Sales associates = personal stylists to young Chinese shoppers
McKinsey further notes Chinese shoppers’ expectation on brands’ sales associates edge higher and higher, as they look for personalization and customization from their interaction with luxury brands. It states, “In keeping with young Chinese consumers’ susceptibility to in-store influence, sales staff play a critical role in providing purchase advice and suggestions, including in the form of WeChat messages.”
For about half of post-’80s/’90s consumers that McKinsey surveyed, they believed that the sales staff should provide not only regular updates on product information, but also much more. This younger generation expects a personalized service approach, from helping pick out accessories based on an intimate knowledge of the customer’s personality or their previous purchases or preferences to being able to help them get into fashion shows or parties — more as a friend than merely a salesperson.
Additionally, the sales staff is an important pillar in building a seamless, omnichannel shopping experience for consumers, the report says. Despite digital and e-commerce becoming an indisputably part of luxury brands nowadays, offline shopping settings — brink and mortar stores— still hold a crucial role in determining customers’ shopping decisions.
Overall, affluent Chinese consumers bode well for global luxury consumption in the coming years. Chinese consumers and global luxury brands will continue to shape and reshape each other. It’s also highly likely that the current successful big-name brands like Hermès, Louis Vuitton, Dior, and Gucci will continue to stay on top as they don’t make any fatal mistakes like Dolce & Gabbana.