Is the US 'Notorious Markets' List Anti-China?

    Chinese e-commerce websites AliExpress and WeChat have been added to the US government's latest “notorious markets” list. But is their inclusion warranted?
    Chinese e-commerce websites AliExpress and WeChat have been added to the US government's latest “notorious markets” list. But is their inclusion warranted? Photo: Shutterstock
    Adina-Laura AchimAuthor
      Published   in Macro

    What happened

    The US Trade Representative's office has announced that Chinese e-commerce websites AliExpress and WeChat have been added to the US government's latest “notorious markets” list.

    “This includes identifying for the first time AliExpress and the WeChat e-commerce ecosystem, two significant China-based online markets that reportedly facilitate substantial trademark counterfeiting,” the USTR office said in a statement.

    The list pinpoints “42 online markets and 35 physical markets that are reported to engage in or facilitate substantial trademark counterfeiting or copyright piracy,” according to CNN. Moreover, Baidu Wangpan, DHgate, Pinduoduo, and Taobao are also on the list.

    The Jing Take

    E-commerce websites have been fighting off counterfeiting accusations for years, and some tech giants like Amazon have acted “too little, too late.” Yet that is hardly the case with Alibaba. In fact, Alibaba’s efforts to tackle pirated goods have been recognized by industry leaders. Nick Hayek, the chief executive officer of the Swiss-based Swatch Group, told CNBC that Alibaba is “fighting actively against fakes. Amazon is not.”

    Nick Hayek, the chief executive officer of the Swiss-based Swatch Group, told CNBC that Alibaba is “fighting actively against fakes. Amazon is not.” Hayek also mentioned that Amazon “refuses to enter into discussion because they have, I think, 10,000 lawyers that say, ‘At Amazon, we should not enter into anything that should force us to fight against fakes.’” Conversely, Hayek said, “The Chinese are doing it. They [are] fighting against it.”

    Luxury conglomerate, Kering also remarked on Alibaba’s impressive efforts to fight against knock-off products. Not only did the French conglomerate dismiss its lawsuit against Alibaba, but it also agreed to create a joint task force with Jack Ma’s company to act against sellers of counterfeit goods.

    In other words, industry experts have lauded Alibaba’s measures. Consequently, the inclusion of Alibaba-owned AliExpress on this list, while leaving out Amazon’s platforms (especially since they were included on the 2019 and 2020 lists), reinforces the idea that American policymakers are politicizing commercial issues. Sure enough, the Chinese Foreign Ministry seems to share the same view.

    As per CNN, Wang Wenbin, a ministry spokesperson, said: “We urge the US side to stop politicizing economic and trade issues.” Foreseeably, the move won’t stop Western brands from partnering with Tencent and Alibaba. Likewise, it will not impact long-term sales strategies, share-price movements, and profits.

    To be sure, Alibaba shares declined 2.9 percent in Hong Kong on February 18 after the list came out, and Tencent stock fell 1.9 percent, according to Real Money. Nevertheless, this is just a temporary setback. Inclusion on the list might temporarily taint the reputation of these Chinese platforms, but Western partners can rest assured that there will be no long-term reputational damage.

    In fact, experts forecast AliExpress to boost its cross-border customer base by 2030. Tencent-owned WeChat will not see any major consequences either because its clientele overseas is made of Chinese expatriates and Chinese tourists. Therefore, inclusion in America's “notorious markets” list will not influence their loyalty or decision processes. In this context, US companies operating in China should expect Beijing to retaliate; hence, they will be again caught in the crossfire and forced to navigate additional risks.

    The Jing Take reports on a piece of the leading news and presents our editorial team’s analysis of the key implications for the luxury industry. In the recurring column, we analyze everything from product drops and mergers to heated debate sprouting on Chinese social media.

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